2012-06 Summary of CERCLA Cleanup Authorities and Provisions

The following sections of this report summarize the major cleanup authorities of CERCLA and
other relevant provisions of the act. The topics discussed herein include the overall scope and
reach of these statutory authorities, the process under which cleanup actions are selected and
carried out at individual sites, the financial liability of potentially responsible parties for the costs
of cleanup actions, the Superfund Trust Fund that may pay for cleanup actions when the
potentially responsible parties cannot pay or cannot be found, enforcement of cleanup liability
against the potentially responsible parties to minimize the need for federal tax revenues to finance
the cleanup of contaminated sites, the applicability of CERCLA to federal facilities, and federal
assistance for the cleanup of brownfields properties. A briefer summary of these topics is
presented in CRS Report RL30798, “Environmental Laws: Summaries of Major Statutes
Administered by the Environmental Protection Agency”.

File Type: pdf
Categories: Legislative Reports (Federal, State, Local), Research Reports
Author: Congressional Research Service