State and Local Involvement In The Superfund Program

When Congress first enacted the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) in 1980, it required States to be active partners in conducting Superfund response actions. Under CERCLA, States with the technical and management capability to carry out a response action may be authorized to lead cleanup efforts at a site. Local communities and certain local government agencies (such as fire departments and public health agencies) also participate in Superfund cleanup operations. In 1986, Congress amended CERCLA and passed the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA). CERCLA, as amended, strengthens the partnership between the Federal Government and State and local authorities.

State and local governments play an important role in ensuring effective, efficient and well-coordinated cleanups. Often local authorities are the first responders at the scene of a hazardous substance release, providing critical fire protection, security, and health-related services.

File Type: pdf
Categories: Fact Sheets
Author: US EPA